In History we started with our first topic of the year: The League of Nations in the 1030s. We saw in class a video with the first failure of the latter. The Japanesse Invasion to Manchuria. We had to answer somes questions about the video. The following are my answers.
- How does the video open? What might the connection between the League and the opening scenes in Poland be? The video opens with violent scenes in Poland, the beginning of the second world war. The League of Nations since the 1930’s started to fail in it’s work and aims. In that scene you can see how the war was started, after all the failures of the League which included the maintenance of peace.
- What problems did Japan face? (Mention ALL of them) Japan had suffered a lot from the Great Depression of USA. It had a lot of population, “…more than a million mouths to feed every year.”; was a very isolated country, geographically speaking; she didn’t have a lot of natural resources of her own so she dad to trade a lot in order to get the goods she needed for example oil and coal and by 1930 there was a very high level of unemployment.
- What was the role of the army in Japan? The army in Japan became their strength. Japanese people started martial arts since very young ages.
- What did army leaders believe Japan needed? The army leaders believed that expanding to eastern Asia would benefit the great empire of Japan.
- What was the value of Manchuria? Manchuria wasn’t that incredible but it had a lot of resources that Japan hadn’t. This resources could help them with their economy and trade business.
- What happened at Mudken? Japan’s army dynamited a railway of Manchuria to let China know that it had been occupied. China appealed to the League.
- What did the League do about it? After a few of other misunderstandings and meetings, the League decided that Japan should leave Manchuria and that Manchuria should become a semi-independent nation free from China and Japan.
- What was Japan’s reaction to the decision of the League? Japan didn’t accept the decision made by the League and left the latter. Japan also kept Manchuria. The League had lost a very important member and no one could do anything. No one would physically intervene. This incident demonstrated that the League could be by-passed. Then was when the rest started.