Archivo de la categoría: recalling historical data

The League of Nations – Questionnaire

For History we had to answer a few questions about The League of Nations in the 1920´s. Here are the questions. And below, the answers.

1. To discourage aggression from any nation, to encourage countries to co-operate especially in business and trade, to encourage nations to disarm and to improve the living and working conditions of people in all parts of the world.
2. He needed the approval from his congress but nobody voted for it. Different groups put up a powerful opposition to the League. Those groups were joined by political enemies of Wilson.
3. Because they didn´t liked to pay reparations and accept the war guilt.
4. They said that they wanted to «return to normalcy» , to be isolated, not to get involved in European affairs.
5. Americans believed in freedom. They opposed the idea of safe-guarding French or British colonies, because they would have had to do it.
6. Because the population was largely Polish. France and Britain should have forced Poland to set Vilna free but France saw Poland as a possible future ally against Germany so she wasn´t ready to upset her. And Britain wasn´t ready to act alone, so no one did.
7. Because it was an industrial region.
8. «In the end the League did nothing. The Poles kept Vilna.»
9. The League studied the matter closely and decided that the Aaland Islands should go to Finland.
10. Because he was furious because of what happened to the Italian general, Tellini, he was killed and all his troops.
11. Because the members of the League changed and ignored the League´s ruling.
12. Before putting the Geneva Protocol in action, there was a general conference in Britain in which the new Conservative government refused to sign it because they thought that Britain could be «forced to sign something that is not on her own interests». What Britain thought, weakened the League because now countries were afraid.
13. Because there was an incident in the border in which some Greek soldiers were killed.
14. Maybe because big countries such as Italy had some privileges that smaller countries such as Greece didn´t have.

Essay Writing 12/8

How far was the Lague of Nations successful in the 1920´s?

In this essay I am going to give reasons and enumerate why the League of Nations was mainly successful in the 1920´s.

The League of Nations had many problems which she had to solve but she olny missed one. Vilna, the «crucial first test case». Vilna was the capital of Lithuania. Poland took control of it and Lithuania appealed for help. Both countries were members of the League. The League had to force Poland to set Vilna free. But Britain and France weren´t prepared to attack Poland because she could be a future ally against Germany. As a result, Poland kept Vilna. In this opportunity the League wasn´t successful, but it was the only non-success.

Nextly, I am going to explain what happened at Upper Silesia in 1921. Upper Silesia was an industrial region on the border between Germany and Poland. Both countries wanted control of it but it was ocuppied by German and Polish people together. The League organized a plebiscite. Half land voted for Germany and half for Poland. The region was divided and safe-guards were located to avoid future disputies. Both countries accepted the decision and the League was successful.

In 1921 Sweden and Fineland wanted control of the Aaland Islands which were located in the middle of both countries. Sweden and Fineland were about to fight for those islands but the League intervened and «studying the matter colsely» they decided that the islands should go to Fineland. Sweden accepted the League´s will and war was avoided.

What happened in Corfu in 1923 was successful but not exactly what the League expected. Of course afer all, war was avoided. Corfu was a boundarie between Greece and Albania. Both countries had to decide wich country should keep Corfu. A conference of ambassadors was held up and it appointed an Italian general to supervise it, Tellini. One day, when Tellini and his troops were studying the Greek side of Corfu, they fell in an ambush and were killed. Another leader called Mussolini was bitter and blamed the Greek people for the ambush. On the 31 of August, Mussolini and his troops attacked and conquered the Greek side of Corfu. The League was called. The League thought it was really serious because these events were very like the events that leaded to the First World War. The League condemned Mussolini´s actions and made the Greek goverment pay but the money would be held by the League and will be payed to Italy by steps when Tellini´s killers were found. Everyone accepted but, «behind the scenes», Mussolini made Greece pay directly to them. Later he withdrew Corfu. War was again, avoided.

A Protocol was held up by the League after they realized that it´s own members could ignore what the League say, The Geneva Protocol. This consisted that when two members of the League are in dispute, they should accept and do what the League say. They hoped this protocole strenght the League, but finally, it did the opposite. A general election in Britain was held before this was put in action. The «New Conservative government» refused to dign because maybe Britain was forced to do something that wasn´t in her interests. This Protocole finally, wakened the League.

In 1925 Greek troops attacked Bulgaria after an incident in the border in which Greek people were killed. Bulgaria appeald for help to the League. Bulgaria also send instructions to the army which said that they only should make «slight resistance», they should not expose soldiers because maybe they could be killed and the League of Nations was now coming. The League made Greece pay compensations to Bulgaria and Greece accepted, not very happy. War was avoided again by the Lague.

So in this essay you now can see how successful The League was in the 1920´s.